ReThink everything you thought you Knew

VI Apologetics


Especially important
Good introduction
Difficulty: 1 Easiest - 4 Hardest

Types and Defenses of Apologetics

Beilby, Thinking About Christian Apologetics (IVP Academic, 2011) 2

Clark, Dialogical Apologetics (Baker, 1999) 3

Cowan, ed., Five Views of Apologetics (Zondervan, 2000) 3

Plantinga, Faith and Rationality (University of Notre Dame Press, 1991) 3

General Defenses of Christian Truth Claims

G. Boyd, E. Boyd, Letters From a Skeptic (David C. Cook, 2nd ed., 2008 [1994]) 1

C. K. Chesterton, Orthodoxy (Ortho, 2014) 2

W. L. Craig, Reasonable Faith (Crossway, 3d ed. 2007) 2

S. C. Hackett, Reconstruction of the Christian Truth Claim (Baker, 1984) 3

P. Kreeft and R. K. Tacelli, Handbook of Christian Apologetics (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1994) 2

C. S. Lewis, God in the Dock (Eerdmans, 1970) 2

—- Mere Christianity (San Francisco: HarperCollins, 2001) 1

G. Machen, Christianity and Liberalism (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1923) 2

A. McGrath, Mere Apologetics (Baker, 2012) 2

J. P. Moreland, Scaling the Secular City (BakerAcademic, 1987) 2

R. Purtil, C. S. Lewis’ Case for the Christian Faith (Harper & Row, 1981) 2

L. Strobel, The Case for Faith (Zondervan, 2014) 2

N.T. Wright, Simply Christian (HarperOne, 2010) 1

Faith & Doubt

Boyd, Benefit of the Doubt (Baker, 2012) 2

Guinness, In Two Minds (InterVarsity, 2nd ed., 1976) 2

Habermas, The Thomas Factor (Broadman and Holman, 1999) 2

McGrath, Doubting: Growing Through the Uncertainties of Faith (InterVarsity, 2007) 2

The Existence of a Creator


M. Behe, Darwin’s Black Box (Touchstone, 1998) 3

M.A. Corey, God and the New Cosmology: The Anthropic Design Argument (Rowman & Littlefield, 1993) 3

W.L. Craig, Q. Smith, Theism, Atheism and Big Bang Cosmology (Clarendon 1993) 3

P. Davies, The Mind of God: The Scientific Basis for a Rational World (Simon & Schuster, 1992) 3

A. Flew, R. A. Varghese, The is a God: How the Worlds Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind (HarperOne, 2008) 2

M. Lacona, W. A. Dempski, Evidence for God: 50 Arguments for Faith from the Bible, History, Philosophy, and Science (Baker, 2010) 2

H. Montefiore, The Probability of God (SCM, 1985) 3

J. P. Moreland, ed., The Creation Hypothesis: Scientific Evidence for an Intelligent Designer (Intervarsity, 1994) 2

J. Polkinghorne, Science and the Trinity (Yale University Press, 2002) 3

H. Ross, The Creator and the Cosmos (NavPress, 1993) 2

G. L. Schroeder, The Hidden Face of God: Science Reveals the Ultimate Truth (Free Press, 2002) 3

—- The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and Biblical Wisdom (Free Press, rpt. 2009) 2

J. W. Templeton, The Humble Approach: Scientists Discover God (Continuum, 1995) 2

Defenses of Biblical Authority


C. Bloomberg, Can We Still Believe the Bible? (Brazos, 2014) 2

H. Boer, Above the Battle? The Bible and Its Critics (Eerdmans, 1977) 2

J. L. Sheler, Is the Bible True? (HaperSanFrancisco, 1999) 2

B. B. Warfield, The Inspiration and Authority of the Bible (Presbyterian & Reformed, 1979) 2

Defenses of the General Reliability of the New Testament


R. Bauckham, Jesus and the Eyewitnesses (Eerdmans, 2008) 2

C. I. Blomberg, The Historical Reliability of John’s Gospel (InterVarsity, 2001) 2

—- The Historical Reliability of the Gospels (IVP Academic, 2007) 2

G. Boyd, Cynic Sage or Son of God? (Wipf & Stock, rpt. 2010 [1995]) 3

G. Boyd, E. Boyd, Letters From a Skeptic (David C. Cook, 2nd ed., 2008 [1994]) 1

G. Boyd, P. Eddy, Lord or Legend? (Wipf & Stock, 2010 [2007]) 1

F. F. Bruce, The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? (InterVarsity, 1960) 2

P. Eddy, G. Boyd, The Jesus Legend (Baker Academic, 2007) 3

E. Haenchen, The Acts of the Apostles (Blackwell, 14th ed., 1971) 3

C. Machen, The Origin of Paul’s Religion (Eerdmans, rpt., 1976 [1925]) 2

—- The Virgin Birth of Christ (Baker, rpt., 1977 [1930]) 2

L. Reed, Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus (Trinity, 2000) 2

H. Shanks, B. Witherington, The Brother of Jesus: The Dramatic Story and Meaning of the First Archaeological Link to Jesus and His Family (HarperSanFrancisco, 2003) 2

G. Stanton, The Gospels and Jesus (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed. 2002 [1989]) 2

G. Theissen, D. Winter, The Quest for the Plausible Jesus (Westminster Knox, 2002) 3

H. E. W. Turner, Historicity and the Gospels (Mowbray, 1963) 2

The Case for Christ


P. W. Barnett, Jesus and the Logic of History (InterVarsity, 1999) 2

G. Boyd, Cynic Sage or Son of God? (Wipf & Stock, rpt. 2010 [1995]) 3

—-Letters From a Skeptic (David C. Cook, 2008) 1

G. Boyd, P. Eddy, Lord or Legend? (Wipf & Stock, 2010 [2007]) 1

P. Copan, ed., Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up? A Debate between William Lane Craig and John Dominic Crossan (Baker, 1998) 2

W.L. Craig, Knowing the Truth About the Resurrection (Servant Publishing, 1988) 2

—-The Son Rises (Wipf & Stock, rpt. 2000) 2

S. T. Davis, D. Kendall, G. O’Collins, The Resurrection: An Interdisciplinary Symposium (Oxford University Press, rpt. 1999) 3

A. Dulles, Apologetics and the Biblical Christ (Newman, 1963) 2

J. Dunn, The Evidence for Jesus (Westminster, 1985) 2

—- A New Perspective on Jesus: What the Quest for the Historical Jesus Missed (Baker, 2005) 2

P. Eddy, G. Boyd, The Jesus Legend (Baker Academic, 2007) 3

S. Evans, The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith (Oxford University Press, 1996) 2

G. Habermas, The Historical Jesus (College Press, 1996) 2

G. R. Habermas, M. Licona, The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus (Kregel, 2004) 2

L. T. Johnson, The Real Jesus: The Misguided Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Truth of the Traditional Gospels (HarperSanFrancisco, 1996) 2

G. Ladd, I Believe in the Resurrection of Jesus (Hodder & Stoughton Ltd, 1979) 2

M. Licona, The Resurrection of Jesus (IVP Academic, 2007) 2

I. H. Marshall, I Believe in the Historical Jesus (Eerdmans, 1977) 1

L. Reed, Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus (Trinity, 2000) 2

L. Strobel, The Case for Christ (Zondervan, 2013) 1

D. Wenham, Easter Enigma (; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2nd ed., 1992 [1984]) 2

—– ed., The Jesus Tradition Outside the Gospels (JSOT, 1985) 2

J. Wilkins. J. P. Moreland, eds. Jesus Under Fire (Zondervan, 1996) 1

B. Witherington, The Jesus Quest: The Third Search for the Jew of Nazareth (InterVarsity, 1997) 3

N. T. Wright, The Resurrection of the Son of God (Fortress, 2003) 2



R. M. Burns, The Great Miracles Debate (Associated University Press, 1981) 2

C. Brown, Miracles and the Critical Mind (Eerdmans, 1984) 2

L. Dossey, Healing Words: The Power of Prayer and the Practice of Medicine (San Francisco, 1993) 2

C. Keener, Miracles, 2 Vols (BakerAcademic, 2011) 2

C. S. Lewis, Miracles (HarperOne, 2015) 1

D. Matthews, The Faith Factor: Proof of the Healing Power of Prayer (Viking, 1998) 2

R. D. Geivett, In Defense of Miracles (IVP Academic, 1997) 3

J. Houston, Reported Miracles: A Critique of Hume (Cambridge University Press, 1994) 3

R. A. H. Larmer, Water into Wine? (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1988) 2

C. F. D. Moule Miracles: Cambridge Study in Their Philosophy and History (A. R. Mowbray, 1965) 3

Evidence/Arguments for the Existence of the Soul


M. J. Adler, The Difference of Man and the Difference it Makes (Rinehart and Winston, 1967) 2

M. Baker, S. Goetz, eds., The Soul Hypothesis (Continuum, 2011) 2

W. Brown, N. Murphy, H. N. Malony, eds., Whatever Happened to the Soul? Scientific and Theological Portraits of Human Nature (Fortress, 1998) 3

F. Crick, The Astonishing Hypothesis: The Scientific Search for the Soul (Scribner, 1994) 2

L. Dossey, Recovering the Soul: A Scientific and Spiritual Search (Bantam Books, 1989) 2

K. T. Favero, The Science of the Soul (Beaver’s Pond Press, 2006) 2

J. M. Schwartz, S. Begley, The Mind and the Brain (ReganBooks, 2002) 2

R. Swinburne, The Evolution of the Soul (Oxford University Press, 1997) 3

The Problem of Evil


M. Bergmann, M. J. Murray, M. C. Rea. eds, Divine Evil?: The Moral Character of the God of Abraham (Oxford University Press, 2011) 3

H. Bloom, The Lucifer Principle: A Scientific Expedition into the Forces of History (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995) 3

G. Boyd, God at War (InterVarsity, 1997) 3

—- Is God to Blame? (InterVarsity, 2003) 2

—-Satan and the Problem of Evil (InterVarsity, 2001) 2

N. H. Creegan, Animal Suffering & the Problem of Evil (Oxford University Press, 2013) 3

J. Crenshaw, A Whirlpool of Torment (Fortress, 1984) 2

S. T. Davis, ed., Encountering Evil: Live Options in Theodicy, (Atlanta: Knox, 1981) 2

—- Logic and the Nature of God (Eerdmans, 1983) 3

D. Hall, God and Human Suffering: An Exercise in the Theology of the Cross (Augsburg, 1986) 2

Kelley, Jessica. Lord Willing?: Wrestling with God’s Role in My Child’s Death. (2016) 1

J. Levenson, Creation and the Persistence of Evil (Harper & Row, 1988) 3

E. Lewis, The Creator and the Adversary (Abingdon-Cokesbury, 1948) 2

C. S. Lewis, The Problem of Pain (HarperOne, 2015) 1

—- Til We Have Faces (Harcout Brace & Co., 1980) 2

T. Fretheim, Creation Untamed (Baker Academic, 2010) 2

M. Garrigue, Dieu sans idée du mal. La liberté de l’homme au coeur de Dieu (Critérion, 1982) 3

P. Geach, Providence and Evil (Cambridge University Press, 1977) 3

D. B. Hart, The Doors of the Sea: Where Was God in the Tsunami? (Eerdmans, 2011) 2

W. Hasker, The Triumph of God Over Evil (InterVarsity, 2008) 3

J. Kallas, Jesus and the Power of Satan (Westminster, 1968) 2

—- The Satanward View: A Study in Pauline Theology (Westminster, 1966) 2

—- The Significance of the Synoptic Miracles (Seabury, 1961) 2

P. Kreft, Making Sense Out of Suffering (Servant Books, 1986) 1

J. T. Murphree, A Loving God and a Suffering World (InterVarsity Press, 1981) 3

M. Peterson, ed., The Problem of Evil (University of Notre Dame Press, 1992) 2

A. Plantinga, God, Freedom, and Evil (Eerdmans, 1974) 3

R. Rice, Suffering and the Search for Meaning (IVP Academic, 2014) 1

E. Schwarz, Evil: A Historical and Theological Perspective (Fortress, 1995) 3

D. I. Trethowan, An Essay in Christian Philosophy (Longmans, Green & Co., 1954) 3

C. C. J Webb, Problems in the Relations of God and Man (Nisber, 1911) 3

D. B. Webb, Why Does God Permit Evil? (P. J. Kennedy & Sons, 1941) 3

J. Wenham, The Enigma of Evil (Zondervan, 1985) 2

B. Whitney, What Are They Saying About God and Evil? (Paulist Press, 1989) 2

N. P. Williams, The Ideas of the Fall and of Original Sin (Longmans, Green & Co., 1927) 3

W. H. Willimon, Sighing For Eden: Sin, Evil & The Christian Faith (Abingdon, 1991) 1

R. Worsley, Human Freedom and the Logic of Evil (St. Martin’s Press, 1996) 3

P. Yancey, Disappointed With God (Zondervan, 1988) 2

The Reality of Satan/Powers/Demons

Note: These are works that address experiences of, arguments for, and evidence for the reality of Satan, angels and demons/



Fr. G.Amorth, An Exorcist Tells His Story (Ignatius, 1992) 1

R. N. Ashen, The Reality of the Devil (Harper & Row, 1972) 2

H. G. Baynes, Germany Possessed (Jonathan Cape, 1941) 2

P. Berger, A Rumor of Angels: Modern Society and the Rediscovery of the Supernatural (Doubleday, 1969) 3

A. Bharati, ed., The Realm of the Extra-Human: Agents and Audiences, (Mouton, 1976) 2

H. Bloom, The Lucifer Principle: A Scientific Expedition into the Forces of History (Atlantic Monthly Press, 1995) 3

E. Bourguignon, Possession (Chandler & Sharp, 1976) 2

—- Religion, Altered States of Consciousness, and Social Change (Ohio State University Press, 1973) 3

G. Boyd, Satan and the Problem of Evil (InterVarsity, 2001) 3

R. Curan, The Haunted (St. Martin’s, 1988) 1

C. K. Epperson, Evil: Satan, Sin, and Psychology (Paulist Press, 2008) 2

J. Favret-Saada, Deadly Words: Witchcraft in the Bocage, trans. C. Cullen (Cambridge University Press, 1980 [1977]) 3

E. Fiore, The Unquiet Dead: A Psychologist Treats Spirit Possession—Detecting and Removing Earthbound Spirits (Doubleday, 1987) 2

R. Gasson, The Challenging Counterfeit (Logos, 1966) 2

N. Goodrick-Clarke, The Occult Roots of Nazism (New York University Press, 1985) 2

M. Harner, The Jivaro: People of the Sacred Waterfalls (Doubleday/Natural History Press, 1972) 3

M. Heiser, The Unseen Realm (Lexham Press, 2015) 2

J. T. Houk, Spirits, Blood, and Drums: The Orisha Religion in Trinidad (Temple University Press, 1995) 3

D. Irvine, From Witchcraft to Christ (Concordia, 1973) 1

C. Keener, Miracles, Vol.II (Baker Academic, 2011) 2

K. Koch, Demonology, Past and Present (Kregel, 1973) 2

M. Kraft, Understanding Spiritual Power: A Forgotten Dimension of Cross-Cultural Mission and Ministry (Orbis, 1995) 2

P. Kreeft, Angels (and Demons) (Ignatius, 1995) 1

A. N. S. Lane, ed., The Unseen World: Christian Reflections on Angels, Demons and the Heavenly Realm (Baker, 1996) 2

E. Lewis, The Creator and the Adversary (Abingdon-Cokesbury, 1948) 2

J. Lhermitte, True and False Possession (Hawthorne Books, 1963) 2

M. Martin, Hostage to the Devil (Bantam, 1977) 1

J. W. Montgomery, ed., Demon Possession (Bethany Fellowship, 1976) 1

S. E. Moreau, The World of the Spirits: A Biblical Study in the African Context (Evangel, 1990) 2

W. O. Mundia, “The Existence of the Devil” Ph.D. dissertation, Boston University School of Theology (1994) 3

R. K. Nelson, Make Prayers to the Raven: A Koyukon View of the Northern Forest (University of Chicago Press, 1983) 2

C. Nugent, Masks of Satan: The Demonic in History (Sheed & Ward, 1983) 2

A. M. Olson, ed., Disguises of the Demonic: Contemporary Perspectives on the Power of Evil, (Association Press, 1975) 2

H. Naegeli-Osjord, Possession and Exorcism (New Frontiers Center, 1988 [1983]) 2

S. Peck, A Glimpse of the Devil: A Psychiatrist’s Personal Accounts of Possession, Exorcism and Redemption (Free Press, 2005) 2

—- People of the Lie (Simon & Schuster, 1983) 2

L. Peters, Ecstasy and Healing in Nepal (Undena, 1981) 2

T. K. Oesterreich, Possession, Demonical and Other (Citadel, 1974) 2

P. Oppenheimer, Evil and the Demonic (New York University Press, 1996) 3

A. Rodwyk, Possessed by Satan (Doubleday, 1975) 2

J. B. Russell, Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World (Cornell University Press, 1986) 2

—- The Prince of Darkness: Radical Evil and the Power of Good in History (Cornell University Press, 1988) 2

M. Shuster, Power, Pathology, Paradox: The Dynamics of Evil and God (Zondervan, 1987) 2

W. Sargant, The Mind Possessed (Lippincott, 1974) 2

P. Stoller, Embodying Colonial Spirits: Spirit Possession, Power, and the Hauka in West Africa (Routledge, 1995) 2

E. Turner, Experiencing Ritual: A New Interpretation of African Healing (University of Pennsylvania, 1992) 2

G. Twelftree, Christ Triumphant: Exorcism Then and Now (Hodder & Stoughton, 1985) 2

P. Wiebe, God and Other Spirits (Oxford University Press, 2004) 2

P. S. Williams, The Case for Angels (Paternoster, 2002) 2

W. Wink, Naming the Powers (Fortress, 1984) 3

—- Unmasking the Powers: (Fortress, 1986) 3

D. E. Young, J.-G.Goulet, Being Changed: The Anthropology of Extraordinary Experience (Broadview, 1994) 3