ReThink everything you thought you Knew

VIII Philosophy


Especially important
Good introduction
Difficulty: 1 Easiest - 4 Hardest

History of Western Philosophy

W. Durrant, The Greatest Minds and Ideas of All Time (Simon & Schuster, 2002) 2

—- The Story of Philosophy (Pocket Books, 1991) 2

A. Kenney, A New History of Western Philosophy (Oxford University Press, rpt., 2012) 2

C. Hartshorne, Creativity in American Philosophy (SUNY, 1984) 3

—- Insights and Oversights of Great Thinkers (State University of New York Press, 1983) 3

B. Russell, A History of Western Philosophy ( New York: Simon and Schuster, n.d.) 2

P. Stokes, Philosophy:100 Essential Ideas That Have Shaped Our World (Arcturus, 2012) 2

P. Wiener, ed. Dictionary of the History of Ideas, 4 Vols. (Scribner’s Sons, 1973) 3

Christian Worldview


W. L. Craig, J. P. Moreland, Philosophical Foundations of a Christian Worldview (IVP Academic, 2003) 2

A. F. Holmes, Contours of a Christian Worldview (Eerdmans, 1983) 2

C. Kraft, Christianity and Culture (Oribis, 1979) 2

J. W. Sire, The Universe Next Door: A Basic Worldview Catalogue (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 3rd ed., 1997) 1

K. Yandel, Christianity and Philosophy (InterVarsity Press, 1984) 2

Epistemology/ Post-Modernism


W. P. Alston, Perceiving God: The Epistemology of Religious Experience (Cornel University Press, 1993) 3

R. J. Berstein, Beyond Objectivism and Relativism (University of Pennsylvania, 1988) 3

C. David, The Evidential Force of Religious Experience (Oxford University Press, 1989) 2

U. Eco, T. Sebok, The Sign of Three: Dupin, Holmes, Peirce (Indiana University Press, 1988) 3

C. S. Evans, Subjectivity and Religious Belief (Christian University Press, 1976) 2

P. van Inwagen, God, Knowledge, and Mystery (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1995) 3

M. Krausz, ed., Relativism: Interpretation and Confrontation (University of Notre Dame Press, 1989) 3

G. Lakoff and M. Johnson, Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought ( New York: Basic Books, 1999) 3

C. Norris, Reclaiming the Truth: Contribution to a Critique of Cultural Relativism (Duke University Press, 1996) 2

C. S. Peirce, Chance, Love, and Logic (University of Nebraska Press, 1998) 3

A. Plantinga, Warranted Christian Belief (Oxford University Press, 1993) 3

M. Polanyi, Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post Critical Philosophy (University of Chicago Press, 1962 [1958]) 3

K. Popper, Objective Knowledge (Oxford University Press, 1972) 3

W. V. Quine. J. S. Ullian, The Web of Belief (Random House, 2nd ed., 1978) 2

V. Tschudin, Seeing the Invisible: Modern Religions and Other Transcendent Experiences (Penguin, 1990) 2

R. Trigg Reason and Commitment (Cambridge University Press, 1973) 2

D. Wolfe, Epistemology: The Justification of Belief (InterVarsity, 1982) 2

W. J. Wood, Epistemology: Becoming Intellectually Virtuous (IVP Academic, 1998) 2

K. E. Yandell, Christianity and Philosophy (InterVarsity Press, 1984) 2

—- The Epistemology of Religious Experience (Cambridge University Press, 1994) 3



D. Baggert, J. L. Walls, Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality (Oxford University Press, 2011) 2

S. M. Duncan, A Primer of Modern Virtue Ethics (University Press of America, 1995) 2

A. MacIntyre, After Virtue (University of Notre Dame Press, 2nd ed., 1984) 3

L. Quinn, Divine Commands and Moral Requirements (Oxford University Press, 1978) 3

D. Statman, ed. Virtue Ethics (Georgetown University Press, 1997) 1 1

S Wells, B. Quash, Introducing Christian Ethics (Wiley, 2010) 2

Defenses of Libertarian Free Will/Indeterminism


E. Anscombe, ed., Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Mind, Vol. 2 (University of Minnesota Press, 1981) 3

D. J. Barthalomew, God of Chance (London: SCM Press, 1984) 2

D. Basinger, The Case For Freewill Theism: A Philosophical Assessment (InterVarsity, 1996) 2

B. Berofsky, ed. Free Will and Determinism (Harper & Row, 1966) 2

G. Boyd, Trinity and Process (Lang, 1992) 3

M. Brand and D. Walton, eds., Action Theory (D. Reidel, 1976) 3

C. A. Campbell, In Defense of Free Will (Allen & Unwin, 1967) 3

I. Dilman, Free Will (Routledge, 1999) 3

E. Eells, Probabilistic Causality (Cambridge University Press, 1991) 3

A. Goldman, A Theory of Human Action (Prentice Hall, 1970) 3

C. Hartshorne, Creative Synthesis and Philosophic Method (University Press of America, rpt., 1983) 3

S. Hook, ed. Determinism and Freedom in the Age of Modern Science (Collier-Macmillan, 1958) 2

P. van Inwagen, An Essay on Free Will (Oxford University Press, 1983) 3

I. Janis and L. Mann, Decision Making (Free Press, 1977) 3

R. Kane, The Significance of Freedom (Oxford University Press, 1996) 3

K. Lehrer, ed., Freedom and Determinism (Random House, 1966) 2

J. R. Lucas, The Freedom of the Will (Clarendon, 1970) 3

—- The Future: an Essay on God, Temporality, and Truth (Bail Blackwell, 1989) 3

R. Nozick, Philosophical Explanations (Harvard University Press, 1981) 3

T. O’Connor, ed., Agents, Causes & Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will (Oxford University Press, 1995) 3

C. S. Peirce, Chance, Love, and Logic (University of Nebraska Press, 1998) 3

K. Popper, The Open Universe: An Argument for Indeterminism (London: Hutchinson, 1982) 3

—–Quantum Theory and the Schism in Physics (London: Hutchinson, 1982) 3

G. L. Schroeder, The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and Biblical Wisdom (Free Press, rpt. 2009) 2

R. Taylor, Action and Purpose (Prentice-Hall, 1966) 3

—- On Action (Cambridge University Press, 1990) 3

J. Thorp, Free Will: A Defense Against Neurophysiological Determinism (Routledge & Kegal Paul, 1980) 3

M. Tooley, Causation: A Reality Approach (Clarendon Press, 1987) 3

J. Trusted, Free Will and Responsibility (Oxford, 1984) 2

D. Wallace, Fate, Time, and Language: An Essay on Free Will (Columbia University Press, 2011) 3

R. Worsley, Human Freedom and the Logic of Evil (St. Martin’s Press, 1996) 2



G. Boyd, Trinity and Process: A Critical Appropriation of Hartshorne’s Di-Polar Theism Toward a Trinitarian Metaphysic (Lang, 1992)

J. Buchler, Metaphysics of Natural Complexes (SUNY, 2nd ed. 1990 [1966]) 3

U. Eco, T. Sebok, The Sign of Three: Dupin, Holmes, Peirce (Indiana University Press, 1988) 3

C. Hartshorne, Creative Synthesis and Philosophic Method (University Press of America, rpt., 1983) 3

E. Lazlo, The Systems View of the World: The Natural Philosophy of the New Developments in the Sciences (George Braziller, 1972) 3

K. Jaegwon Kim, E. Sosa, eds. A Companion to Metaphysics: Blackwell Companions to Philosophy (Blackwell, rpt. 1997 [1995]) 3

H. Oliver, A Relational Metaphysics (Martinus Nijhoff, n.d.) 3

S. D. Ross, Philosophical Mysteries (SUNY, 1981) 3

—- Transition to an Ordinal Metaphysics (SUNY, 1980) 3

—- Perspective in Whitehead’s Metaphysics (SUNY, 1983) 3

A. N. Whitehead, Process and Reality (Free Press, rpt. 1978 [1929]) 4


M. Heidegger, Being and Time (Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 2008) 3

M. Maurice-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception (Routledge, 2013 [1942]) 4

—- The Primacy of Perception (Northwestern University Press, 1964) 3

The Visible and the Invisible (Northwestern University Press, 1968) 4

D. Moran, Edmund Husserl: Founder of Phenomenology (Polity Press, 2005) 3

R. Solokowski, Introduction to Phenomenology (Cambridge University Press, 1999) 3

Process Philosophy/Theology


D. Basinger, Divine Power in Process Theism (SUNY, 1988) 2

G. Boyd, Trinity and Process (Lang, 1992) 3

S. G. Davaney, Divine Power: A Study of Karl Barth and Charles Hartshorne (Fortress, 1986) 2

S. T. Franklin, Speaking From the Depths (Eerdmans, 1990) 3

R. G. Gruenler, The Inexhaustible God: Biblical Faith and the Challenge of Process Theism (Baker, 1983) 2

C. Gunton, Becoming and Being (Oxford University Press, rpt. 1980 [1978]) 3

C. Hartshorne, Creative Synthesis and Philosophic Method (University Press of America, rpt., 1983) 3

—- The Divine Relativity (Yale University Press, rpt. 2012) 3

C. Hartshorne, The Logic of Perfection and Other Essays on NeoClassical Metaphysics (Open Court, 1962) 3

—- Omnipotence and Other Theological Mistakes (SUNY, 1984) 2

—- C. Peden, Whitehead’s View of Reality (Pilgrim, rev. ed., 1981) 2

R. H. Nash, ed., Process Theology (Baker, 1987) 2

R. Neville, Creativity and God: A Challenge to Process Theology (SUNY, rpt..1995 [1980]) 3

W. Reese, C. Hartshorne, Philosophers Speak of God (Humanity Books, 2nd ed., 2000) 2

A. N. Whitehead, Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology (New York: Free Press, rev. ed. 1978 [1929] ) 4

Primary Sources: Hellenistic Philosophy And the Development of Early Christian Theology

Note: This is a list of primary sources that Greg believes are most relevant to understanding how Hellenistic philosophy influenced Christian thinking on divine perfection and provide.



Alcinous, The Handbook of Platonism (Clarendon, 1993) 3

Alexander of Aphrodisias, On Fate, tran., ed., comm., R. W. Sharples (Duckworth, 1983). 3

—- Quaestiones 1.1-2.15, tran., ed., comm., R. W. Sharples (Cornell University Press, 1992). 3

N. Bakalis, Handbook of Greek Philosophy: From Thales to the Stoics: Analysis and Fragments Trafford, rev. ed., 2005) 3

J. Barnes, ed. The Complete Works of Aristotle, 2 Vols (Princeton University Press, 1984) 3

—- The Presocratic Philosophers ( Routledge, rpt., 1982 [1979]) 3

J. Beaujeu, ed. trans., Platon et Sa Doctrine, in Apulée Opuscules Philosophiques et Fragments (Les Belles Lettres, 1973) 3

J. Brunschwig, G, E. R. Lloyd, eds. Greek Thought: A Guide to Classical Knowledge (Harvard University Press, 2000 [1996]) 2

Calcidius On Fate, in Calcidius on Fate: His Doctrine and Sources, trans., ed., D. Boeft (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1970) 3

—- On Demons, in Calcidius on Demons, Commentarius, trans., ed., D. Boeft (Leiden E. J. Brill, 1977) 3

Cicero, On Divination, in The Treatises of M. T. Cicero, trans., C. D. Yonge (Covenant Garden, 1878) 2

Cicero, On Fate (De Fato) & Boethius: The Consolation of Philosophy, tran., ed., comm., R. W. Sharples (Aris & Phillips Ltd, 1991) 3

Cicero, The Nature of the Gods (Oxford University Press, 1998) 2

A. H. Coxon, ed., trans. The Fragments of Parmenides: A Critical Text (Van Gorcum, 1986) 3

K. Freeman. Ancilla to the Pre-Socratic Philosophers: A Complete Translation of the Fragments in Diels (Harvard University Press, 1966 [1948]) 3

K. Guthrie, trans. The Neoplatonic Writings of Numenius (Selene Books, 1987 [1917]) 3

E. Heitsch. Parmenides : Die Fragmente (Artemis & Winkle, 3d ed., 1995 [1974]). 3

C. H. Kahn. The Art and Thought of Heraclitus: An Edition of the Fragments with Translation and Commentary (Cambridge University Press, 1979) 3

W. Kaufmann, ed., Philosophic Classics, Vol. 1: Thales to Ockham (Prentice-Hall, Inc., 2nd ed. 1968) 2

G. S. Kirk. Heraclitus: The Cosmic Fragments: A Critical Study with Introduction, Text and Translation (Cambridge University Press, 1970) 3

G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven, M. Schofield, The Presocratic Philosophers: A Critical History with a Selection of Texts (Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed., 1983 [1962]). 3

H. D. P. Lee. Zeno of Elea: A Text, with Translation and Notes (Luzac, 1936) 3

A. A. Long, D. N. Sedley, The Hellenistic Philosophers, 2 Vols (Cambridge University Press, 1987) 3

Maximus of Tyre, The Philosophical Orations, trans., M. B. Trapp, (Clarendon, 1997) 3

R. D. McKirahan. Philosophy before Socrates: An Introduction with Texts and Commentary. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1994) 3

Plato: Complete Works, ed. John Cooper (Cambridge University Press, 1997) 3

Plotinus, The Enneads , tran. S. MacKenna (Larson Publications, 1992) 3

Plutarch, On Fate, in Plutarch’s Moralia, Vol. VII , trans., P. H. De Lacy, B. Einarson (Harvard University Press, nd) 3

Plutarch, Isis and Osiris. In Plutarch’s Moralia, Vol. V, trans., F. C. Babbitt (Harvard University Press, 1957) 3

G. Seel, ed, Ammonius and the Seabattle, Texts, Commentary, and Essays (Walter de Gruyter, 2001) 3

R. Sorabji, Aristotle Transformed: The Ancient Commentators and Their Influence (Cornell, 1993) 4

W. Tefler, ed. Cyril of Jerusalem and Nemesius of Emesa (SCM, 1955) 3

C.D. Yonge, trans. The Works of Philo (Hendrickson, 1993) 3

Secondary Sources: Hellenistic Philosophy And the Development of Early Christian Theology

Note: This is a list of secondary works that Greg feels are most helpful in discussing the influence that Hellenistic philosophy exercised on early Christian thinkers, culminating in St. Augustine.



W. Achtner, S. Kunz, T. Walter, Dimensions of Time (Eerdmans, K. Algra, Concepts of Space in Greek Thought (Brill, 1995) 4

Algra, Concepts of Space in Greek Thought (Brill, 1995) 4

R. E. Allen, ed., Studies in Plato’s Metaphysics (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1965) 3

T. Allin, The Augustinian Revolution in Theology (London: Clark & Co. 1911) 2

D. Amand, Fatalisme et liberté dan l’antiquité grecque (Bibliothèque de l’ Université, 1945) 3

A. H. Armstrong, ed. Classical Mediterranean Spirituality (New York, 1986) 3

P. Athanassiadi, M. Frede, eds., Pagan Monotheism in Late Antiquity (Oxford University Press, 1999) 3

P. Aubenque, ed., Etudes sur Parmenides. 2 vols (Vrin, 1987) 3

D. E. Aune, Prophecy in Early Christianity and the Ancient Mediterranean World (Eerdmans, 1983) 3

S. Austin, Parmenides: Being, Bounds, and Logic (Yale University Press, 1986) 3

C. P. Bammel, Christian Faith and Greek Philosophy in Late Antiquity (Brill, 1993) 3

J. Barnes, The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle (Cambridge University Press, 1995) 3

R. Van den Broek, T. Baarda. J. Mansfeld, Knowledge of God in the Graeco-Roman World (E. J. Brill, 1988) 3

P. Brown, Religion and Society in the Age of Saint Augustine (Harper & Row, 1972) 2

J. Brunschwig, G, E. R. Lloyd, eds. Greek Thought: A Guide to Classical Knowledge (Harvard University Press, 2000 [1996]). 3

J. F. Callahan, Saint Augustine and the Greek Philosophers (Villanova University Press, 1967) 3

D. Carabine, The Unknown God: Negative Theology in the Platonic Tradition: Plato to Eriugena (Eerdmans, 1995) 3

V. Caston, D. W. Graham, eds., Presocratic Philosophy (Ashgate, 2002) 3

H. Chadwick, Early Christian Thought and the Classical Tradition (Oxford University Press, 1985) 3

M. Colish, The Stoic Tradition From Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages (Brill, 1985) 3

L. Cooper, ed., The Greek Genius and It’s Influence (Cornell University Press, 1952) 3

D. L. Couprie, R. Hahn, G. Naddaf, Anaximander in Context: New Studies in the Origins of Greek Philosophy (SUNY, 2003) 3

P. Curd, The Legacy of Parmenides (Parmenides Publishing, rpt. 2004. [1998]) 3

N. F. Denzey, “Under a Pitiless Sky: Conversion, Cosmology and the Rhetoric of ‘Enslavement to Fate’ in Second-Century Christian Sources,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, (1998) 4

B. C. Dietrich, Death, Fate and the Gods: The Development of a Religious Idea in Greek Popular Belief and in Homer (Althone, 1965) 3

A.Dihle, The Theory of Will in Classical Antiquity (Berkeley, 1982) 3

J. Dillion, The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy (347-274) (Clarendon Press, 2003) 3

—– The Middle Platonists (Cornell University Press, 1977) 3

J. M. Dillon, A. A. Long, Eds. The Question of “Eclecticism”: Studies in Later Greek Philosophy (University. of California Press, 1988) 3

I. Dilman, Free Will: An Historical and Philosophical Introduction (Routledge, 1999) 3

E. R. Dodds, ed. Ancient Concepts of Progress (Oxford University Press, 1973) 3

—-.The Greeks and the Irrational (University of California Press; 4th ed., 1964) 3

E. Ferguson, Background to Early Christianity (Eerdmans, 2002) 2

T.Finan, V. Twomey, eds. The Relationship Between Neoplatonism and Christianity (Four Courts Press, 1992) 3

D. J. Furley, R. E. Allen, eds., Studies in Presocratic Philosophy 2 Vols (Humanities Press, 1970-75) 3

M. L. Gill, Pierre Pellegrin, eds., A Companion to Ancient Philosophy (Blackwell, 2006) 3

S. Gersh, Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism, 2 Vols (University of Notre Dame, 1986) 3

I. Gobry. La cosmologie des Ioniens (L’Harmattan, 2000) 3

A. Graeser, Plotinus and the Stoics (Brill, 1972) 3

R. Grant, Gods and the One God (Westminster, 1986) 2

W. C. Greene, Moira: Fate, Good, and Evil in Greek Thought (Harper & Row, 1944) 3

W. K. C. Guthrie. A History of Greek Philosophy. 6 Vols (Cambridge University Press, 1962-1981) 3

R. K. Hack, God in Greek Philosophy to the Time of Socrates (Kessinger, rpt., 2008 [1931])

H. F. Hägg, Clement of Alexandria and the Beginnings of Christian Apophaticism (Oxford University Press, 2006) 3

A. Hermann, To Think Like God: Pythagoras and Parmenides: The Origins of Philosophy (Parmenides, 2004) 3

R. Hood, Must God Remain Greek? (Fortress, 1990) 3

S. I. Johnston, Ancient Greek Divination (Wiley-Blackwell, 2008) 3

W.Jaeger. The Theology of the Early Greek Philosophers (Oxford University Press, 1947) 3

W. T. Jones, The Classical Mind (Harcourt Brace Javanovich, Inc, 2nd ed., 1970) 2

M. Joyal, ed., Studies in Plato and the Platonic Tradition (Ashgate, 2002) 3

J. P. Kenney, Mystical Monotheism: A Study in Ancient Platonic Theology (Brown University Press, 1991) 3

H. –J Krämer, Der Ursprung der Geistmetaphysic: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des Platonismus zwischen Platon und Plotin (B.R. Griiner, 1964) 3

R. Kraut, ed., The Cambridge Companion to Plato (Cambridge University Press, 1992) 3

C. H. Kahn. Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Cosmology (Columbia University Press, 1960) 3

J. C. McLelland. God the Anonymous (The Philadelphia Patristic Foundation, Inc., 1976) 3

P. Merlan, From Platonism to Neoplatonism (Springer, rpt. 1975) 3

P. Morewedge, ed., Philosophies of Existence (Fordham University Press, 1982) 3

Raoul Mortley, From Word to Silence, 2 Vols (Bonn, 1986) 4

A. P. D. Mourelatos., ed., The Pre-Socratics (Princeton University Press, 1974) 3

R. Patterson, Image and Reality in Plato’s Metaphysics (Hackett, 1985) 3

J. Pelikan, Christianity and Classical Culture (Yale University Press, 1993) 3

T. Pink, M. W. F. Stone, eds., The Will and Human Action: From Antiquity to the Present Day (Routledge, 2004) 3

G. Reydams-Schils, Demiurge and Providence: Stoic and Platonist Readings of Plato’s Timaenus (Brepols Publishers, 1999) 3

H. Ringgren, ed. Fatalistic Beliefs in Religion, Folklore and Literature (Almquist & Wiksell, 1967) 3

J. M. Rist Augustine: Ancient Thought Baptized (Cambridge University Press, 1994) 3

—- Plotinus (Cambridge University Press, 1967) 3

—-The Stoics (University of California Press, 1978) 3

C. Schäfer. Xenophanes von Kolophon: ein Vorsokratiker zwischen Mythos und Philosophie (Teubner, 1996) 3

W. R.. Schoedel, R. L. Wilken, eds., Early Christian Literature and the Classical Intellectual Tradition (Éditions Beauchesne, 1979) 3

G. Seel, Stoics, Epicureans, and Skeptics (Routledge, 1996) 3

R. W. Sharples, Stoics, Epicureans, and Skeptics (Routledge, 1996) 2

J. Shiel, Greek Thought and the Rise of Christianity (New York: Barnes and Noble, Inc., 1968) 3

R. Sorabji, Necessity, Cause and Blame: Perspectives on Aristotle’s Theory, (University of Chicago Press, 1980) 3

—- Time, Creation and the Continuum: Theories in Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, (Cornell University Press, 1983) 3

C. Stead, Doctrine and Philosophy in Early Christianity (Ashgate, 2000) 3

—- Philosophy in Christian Antiquity (Cambridge University Press, rpt 1998) 3

—- Substance and Illusion in the Christian Fathers (Variorum Reprints, 1985) 3

G. Striker, Rationality in Greek Thought (Clarendon Press, 1996) 3

M. C. Stokes. One and Many in Presocratic Philosophy (Center for Hellenic Studies,1971) 3

L. Sweeney, S. J. Divine Infinity in Greek and Medieval Thought (Lang, 1992) 3

—- Infinity in the Presocratics (Martinus Nijhoff, 1972) 3

H. B. Timothy, The Early Christian Apologists and Greek Philosophy (Van Gorcum, 1973) 3

G. Vesey, ed. The Philosophy in Christianity (Cambridge University Press, 1989) 3

G.Watson, Greek Philosophy and the Christian Notion of God (Columbia, 1996) 3

N. White, Plato on Knowledge and Reality (Hewett Publishing Company, 1976) 3

P. Wiener, ed. Dictionary of the History of Ideas, 4 Vols (Scribner’s Sons, 1973) 2

D. Winston, Of Scholars, Savants and Their Texts (Lang, 1989) 3

Ancient Hellenistic Philosophy and Jewish Thought

J. S. Collins, Jewish Wisdom in the Hellenistic Age (Westminster John Knox, 1997) 3

C. Fritsch, The Anti-Anthropomorphisms of the Greek Pentateuch (Princeton University Press, 1943) 2

M. Hengel, Judaism and Hellenism: Studies in their Encounter in Palestine during the Early Hellenistic Period (Fortress, 1974) 3

A. Laato, J. C. de Moor, eds., Theodicy in the World of the Bible (Brill, 2003) 3

D. Winston, The Ancestral Philosophy: Hellenistic Philosophy in Second Temple Judaism (Brown University Press, 2001) 3

—- Of Scholars, Savants and Their Texts (Lang, 1989) 3

The Nature of Time/ the Future


P. Brockelman, Time and Self: Phenomenological Explorations (Scholars Press, 1985) 3

P. Covey, R. Highfield, The Arrow of Time (New York: BasicBooks, 1990) 3

W. L. Craig, Time and Eternity (Crossway, 2001) 3

R. Gale, The Language of Time (Humanities Press, 1968) 3

D. Ray Griffin, ed., Physics and the Ultimate Significance of Time (SUNY, 1986) 3

C. Hartshorne, Creative Synthesis and Philosophic Method (University Press of America, rpt., 1983) 4

P. Horwich, Asymmetries in Time (MIT Press, 1989) 3

G. Lakoff, M. Johnson, Philosophy in the Flesh (Basic Books, 1999) 3

J. R. Lucas, The Future: an Essay on God, Temporality, and Truth (Bail Blackwell, 1989) 3

B. Ludlow, Semantics, Tense, and Time (MIT Press, 1999) 4

D. H. Mellor, Real Time (Oxford University Press, 1981) 3

H. Price, Time’s Arrow and Archimedes Point (Oxford University Press, 1996) 3

R. J. Russell, N. Murphy, C. J. Isham, eds., Quantum Cosmology and the Laws of Nature: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action (Center for Theology and the Nature Sciences, 1993) 3

Q. Smith, Language and Time (Oxford University Press, 1993) 3

R. Sorabji, Time, Creation, and the Continuum (Cornell University Press, 1983) 4

D. Wallace, Fate, Time, and Language (Columbia University Press, 2011) 3

M. Zenzen, The Nature of Irreversibility (Reidel, 1985) 4