Reflections on the Science Conference
Hello bloggers and bloggets,
Well, I’m having a great time out here in Quincy. The discussions with fellow theologians, philosophers, and scientists who are Open Theists is very stimulating. Plus we’re having a lot of fun. At the same time, I’m missing my wife, family, friends, and dogs terribly, so I’m looking forward to coming home for the weekend.
In today’s session we had a fine discussion with another leader in the field of the dialogue between science and theology, Dr. Howard Van Til. For years he taught Physics and Astronomy at Calvin College, but then got into a good bit of trouble for teaching naturalistic evolution and he ended up retiring early in 1997 (I believe). He was a delightful, humble, very honest, and extremely irenic person. We discussed a wide range of issues, only one of which I can mention right now.
As we did the previous day, we discussed a great deal about whether science must be committed to naturalistic explanations and, if so, what implications this has for our understanding of the relationship between science and theology. I (and several others) argued that the issue really isn’t whether science should or should not be committed to naturalistic explanations. I think it obviously should be. The issue is whether science needs to regard its naturalistic explanations as COMPREHENSIVE OF ALL REALITY.
If a miracle occurs, or seems to have occurred, I argued, I have no problem with scientists looking for a natural explanation. This is simply what they’re paid to do. In fact, I have no problem with the scientist sometimes FINDING a natural explanation for an alleged mircle. I’m sure many times people claim to have experienced a “miracle” when in fact they’ve only experienced something a-typical, and there’s a perfectly good natural explanation for why this a-typical event occurred.
What I have problems with is when some scientists claim that the whole enterprise of science hangs on the belief that all occurences MUST have a natural explanation — that is, that nothing supernatural ever happens or ever can happen. In other words, they think naturalistic explanations are comprehensive of all reality. If someone thinks THIS belief lies at the core of the scientific enterprise, then, so far as I can see, there’s no possible way Christian theology can be integrated with [their version of] the scientific enterprise.
But there’s absolutely no reason for scientists to claim this. And there’s absolutely no warrant for scientists to claim this. And many respected scientists don’t in fact claim this. Yet, like Philp Clayton before him, this seems to be what Howard Van Til was (humbly and tentatively) claiming.
Look, the belief in God as a transcendent personal being IS a belief in the SUPERnatural. To try to integrate this belief into a framework where the supernatural is carte blanch dismissed is simply to try to integrate a belief in God with atheism. It’s a contradiction. It doesn’t work. End of story.
Fortunately, the scientific community as a whole is (so far as I can see) moving toward a more humble position. The more we learn about the world, the more we discover mystery. And this, I’m happy to say, leaves plenty of room for theology and science to talk to each other and learn from each other.
I’ll keep you posted.