When God Wears Masks
At various times throughout the OT we find Yahweh assuming the role of a tester, refiner, punisher and even an enemy of Israel (e.g. Jer. 9:7; Lam. 2:5; Isa 63:10). Yet, when we examine these roles, or masks, in the light of the crucified Christ and the broader canonical witness, it becomes clear that these were roles God only reluctantly played.
In Jeremiah, for instance, we find the Lord declaring; “I will refine and test them, for what else can I do because of the sin of my people” (Jer. 9:7). Just as Joseph, out of love for his brothers, temporarily played the role of a harsh task-master over his brothers in order to test them and eventually lead them to repentance (Gen. 42), so God evidently was willing to assume “strange” and “alien” roles whenever doing so would benefit his people in the long run. Or, to draw an analogy from another biblical character, these passages suggest that God, like the apostle Paul, was willing to “become all things to all people” in order to further his purposes in the world (I Cor. 9:22).
Another example of God’s accommodating flexibility concerns the fact that, while OT authors frequently construe Israel’s relationship to Yahweh along the lines of a slave-master relationship, the Lord announced through Hosea that he dreamed of a future time when “you will no longer call me ‘my master’” but would instead “call me ‘my husband’” (Hos. 2:16). The implication, clearly, is that the master-slave relationship was not reflective of God’s true character and will. All divine portraits of Yahweh as a master over slaves must therefore be understood to involve an element of accommodation to the culturally conditioned, wounded and sin-stained way the former slaves he brought out of Egypt were inclined to view him. God was stooping to meet people where they were and to bear their sin in order to eventually bring them to the place he wanted them to be.
Yahweh’s dream for a husband-wife relationship, announced through Hosea, begins to be accomplished in a full way in the kingdom Jesus inaugurated. The Gospels present Jesus as the divine bridegroom who came looking for his bride (Mark 2:19) and the NT depicts all disciples as part of his collective “bride of Christ.” As ancient Jewish bridegrooms frequently did during the interval between the betrothal period and the wedding day, our heavenly bridegroom has gone to “prepare a place for us” (Jn. 14:2). And as betrothed women frequently did as they waited for their bridegroom to return, we who are “the bride” of Christ are to be in the process of making ourselves ready so when he returns, we’ll be a bride “without spot or wrinkle” (Rev 19:7). God’s age-long dream of setting aside the “master” mask and of acquiring a people who see themselves as his spouse rather than his servants is in the process of coming true.
Closely related to this, in Christ we find God setting aside the mask of a harsh “master” in order to relate to his people as a beloved friend. Echoing Yahweh’s words in Hosea 2:16, Jesus tells his disciples,
I no longer call you servants, because servants do not know their master’s business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you (Jn 15:15).
So long as God had to stoop to wear the mask of a “master,” his “business,” as well as his true character, was kept somewhat concealed from his people. But now, in Christ, God has disclosed the heart of his “business”—the “mystery hidden from long ages past” (Rom. 16:25)—and with it, he has disclosed the true nature of his loving, other-oriented character.
Photo credit: Leonorah Beverly via Visualhunt.com / CC BY-NC-SA
While it makes sense that Hellenistic philosophers embraced knowledge of God as the simple, necessary and immutable One in an attempt to explain the ever-changing, composite, contingent world (see post here for what this means), it is misguided for Christian theology to do so. By defining knowledge of God’s essence over-and-against creation, we are defining God’s essence…
Is there anything at stake in our life? Greg balances God’s mercy and grace with the authenticity of free will. http://traffic.libsyn.com/askgregboyd/Episode_0255.mp3
Greg talks forgiveness, reconciliation, consequences of sin, and the afterlife. All in less than 5 minutes. http://traffic.libsyn.com/askgregboyd/Episode_0346.mp3
Dan and Brianna tackle some tough questions: —Is it okay for Christians to be cremated? —How can we preach from the OT with authority? —What should a Christian academic know in a secular school? http://traffic.libsyn.com/askgregboyd/Episode_0320_overflow_1.mp3
The intensely Christocentric reading of the Old Testament that I introduced in the previous post is reflected throughout the book of Hebrews. Here I want to cite two more examples of how this writer saw Christ at the center of the OT. Hebrews 7 Here the author argues for the superiority of Christ’s priesthood over…
The way we view God is in part conditioned by the state of our minds and hearts. Origen put it this way: “[T]he Holy Spirit addresses our nature in a manner appropriate to its imperfection, only as far as it is capable of listening.” In fact, Origen went so far as to argue that the…