We run our website the way we wished the whole internet worked: we provide high quality original content with no ads. We are funded solely by your direct support. Please consider supporting this project.
Atonement, Christus Victor & Aslan
No one illustrates this Christus Victor view of Christ’s work on the cross more beautifully than C.S. Lewis in his famous fantasy, The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe. The gist of the story is that four children find their way into another world called Narnia through a magical wardrobe. They quickly learn that an evil and powerful witch has seized control of Narnia and proclaimed herself its Queen. One of the children – a whiney brat named Edmund – ends up conspiring with the Queen against his three siblings, with whom he never got along well. Fortunately, Edmund’s siblings are able to elude the wicked Queen.
While on the run from the Queen, the three siblings encounter Aslan, the magnificent good lion who is the rightful ruler of Narnia. Aslan graciously heads up a successful rescue operation for Edmund, but before long he’s confronted by the evil Queen. She reminds Aslan of “the Magic which the Emperor put into Narnia at the very beginning.” This Magic is the moral order of Narnia, and, in the words of the wicked Queen, it stipulates that “every traitor belongs to me as my lawful prey and that for every treachery I have a right to a kill. And so,” the witch continues, “that human creature is mine. His life is forfeit to me. His blood is my property.”
Aslan cannot refute the Queen’s claims. There is indeed a moral order that hold’s Narnia together, and this “Deep Magic,” as Lewis calls it, cannot simply be waved aside. To break covenant with God, the source of all life, ito forfeit our life. Edmund forfeited his life to the evil Queen when he sinned against his brother and sisters, and this Deep Magic could not be rescinded.
Yet, Aslan loves Edmund, despite his sin, and so he offers himself up as a sacrifice in Edmund’s place. Since the great Lion is obviously a much greater prize than any “human creature,” and since the Queen thinks killing Aslan would allow her finally to rule Narnia unopposed, she accepts the offer.
Later that night Alsan sneaks away to the Queen’s camp, is mocked and tortured by her evil minions, and is finally put to death on “the Stone Table” where the justice of Narnia’s Deep Magic is carried out. But, of course, Aslan does not remain dead. He is resurrected a while later and the Stone Table is split in two.
When Edmund’s two overjoyed sisters inquire how this happened, Aslan explains,
….though the Witch knew the Deep Magic, there is a magic deeper still which she did not know. Her knowledge goes back only to the dawn of time. But if she could have looked a little further back, into the stillness and the darkness before Time dawned, she would have read there a different incantation. She would have known that when a willing victim who had committed no treachery was killed in a traitor’s stead, the Table would crack and Death itself would start working backwards.
Exercising a Magic that is deeper and older than even the Deep Magic of justice — the magic of pure, self-sacrificial love — Aslan overcomes death, breaks the Stone Tablets, destroys the evil Queen’s hold on Edmund, leads his disciples in a victorious battle against her and thus liberates the inhabitants of Narnia from her oppression. In the end, Edmund is transformed and, along with his three siblings, enthroned as the rightful rulers of Narnia.
Lewis’ marvelous tale brilliantly illustrates how and why Jesus’ life, death and resurrection vanquished Satan and the other fallen gods who had seized God’s “Narnia.” It is based on the understanding that, while both self-sacrificial love and the law are good, they are not equally deep forms of magic. Self-sacrificial love is much older and much deeper. It is therefore the one thing that is able to set a treacherous covenant breaker free from the just condemnation of the law.
Yesterday, I introduced a basic understanding of the Christus Victor view of Christ’s work on the cross. [Click here to read it.] Today, I want to expand on this briefly. Because God is a God of love who gives genuine “say-so” to both angels and humans, God rarely accomplishes his providential plans through coercion. God…
Question: I have a question about the atonement. Why did YHWH in the OT demand that people sacrifice animals? And if these sacrifices anticipated the ultimate sacrifice of the Messiah, as the author of Hebrews says, doesn’t this imply that Jesus’ death was necessary for God to forgive us? But why would God need his…
Since the time of Anselm (11th century), and especially since the Reformation in the 16th century, the tendency of the Western church has been to focus almost all of its attention on the anthropological dimension of the atonement, usually to the neglect of the cosmic dimension that is central to the NT. In the standard…
Greg begins to unpack the Christus Victor view of the atonement by comparing it to the Chronicles of Narnia.
Greg continues his thoughts on the atonement with this installment highlighting the way God uses the evil intentions and actions of his enemies to bring about good. And because this strategy is based in love, the demons who encountered Christ could not possibly imagine what he was up to. They ended up participating in their…
For part 1 of 2, click here. It’s important to notice that it was the wicked Queen, not Aslan, who demands that Edmund be killed in accordance with the Deep Magic of justice. Christian’s have often assumed it is God, not Satan, who demands “a kill” in response to sin. In this view, Jesus offered…